National Journal of Emergency Medicine SEMI

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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Perception of Emergency Medicine as a Medical Specialty among the General Public of India: A Descriptive Study

Renaldo Pavrey, Sonal Patnaik, Naiyyar H Rizvi

Keywords : Emergency department, Emergency medicine, General public perception, India, Medical specialty

Citation Information : Pavrey R, Patnaik S, Rizvi NH. Perception of Emergency Medicine as a Medical Specialty among the General Public of India: A Descriptive Study. 2024; 2 (1):6-10.

DOI: 10.5005/njem-11015-0033

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: India has struggled in establishing Emergency Medicine (EM) as a medical specialty, and providing emergency medical care. In the current scenario of India, EM is a young speciality which is in its nascent stage of development. In the past 20 years, significant progress has been made, but there is a broad estimate that over a million deaths happened in this country because of suboptimal care during the ‘Golden Hour’, or due to a lack of knowledge about an Emergency Department (ED). When the knowledge and awareness about the ED and Emergency Physicians (EP) fail to impress the patient or patient's attenders, then this question arises. Materials and methods: This study was a cross-sectional Pan-India study which was conducted using a questionnaire that asked participants about their awareness and opinion of EM as a medical specialty. Result: Among a Pan-India sample size of 1,010 majority of the participants were from the state of Odisha. Total of 74.51% considered EM as a distinct medical speciality. Emergency Physicians treated 89.71%. Participants of 63.35% chose to visit the ED when their primary caregiver or general practitioner was unavailable whereas only 39.56% visited the ED for serious medical illnesses. Conclusion: The participants of this survey had an encouraging perception of EM as a speciality and EPs as medical specialists. However, they have limited knowledge and poor expectations with regard to the ED as an autonomous department.


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